• Kaun Lab

Why isn't my behavior experiment working?


Step 1: Adjust your thinking

Flies are animals and animals are complex organisms. One might think that doing behavior on a fly might be easier because, well, they are insects and not mammals. Unfortunately, it is not necessarily easier to perform fly behavior experiments. If you want to understand fly behavior, you need to think like a fly (more on this later).

Step 2: Check your parameters

Are you doing your experiment in a well-controlled environment? Not all behaviors are sensitive to all parameters. But, here are a few we have run into that have affected different behaviors at one point or another.

These are things you need to watch out for while doing the experiment:

Time of day

Lighting

Humidity

Temperature

Ambient noise

Substrate the flies are behaving on (agar, food, plastic)

Satiation (or food deprivation) state

Mated state (ex. virgin, recently mated?)

Age of flies (don't forget to adjust this for rearing temp)

Number of flies in chamber

Material of chamber (If you are using printed plastics, is the material bumpy? Are there distractions like pieces of cotton? Is food present?)

Size of chamber

Shape of chamber

Air flow in chamber

Experimenter odor (don't wear perfume or cologne!)

Did your flies get bumped / dropped?

These are things you need to watch our for during fly rearing:

Light / Dark cycle

Brightness of incubator lights

Temperature

Humidity

Type of food (this is REALLY important)

Density of flies in vials / bottles

Vibrations in rearing chamber (incubator, etc)

With regard to the flies you are using:

Genetic background (Canton-S, Berlin, Oregon-R, DL, etc, ALL have different behavioral profiles)

Is it really wild-type? (hint - if they have white eyes, your flies are not wild-type - they are mutants)

How many transgenes are in your flies?

Are there balancers (or dominant mutations that can potentially affect behavior) present?


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Which wild-type should I use?

There are many types of "wild-type" strains in flies. How do you know which ones to use for your behavior? Here is a bit of information on common ones that you can try and some anecdotal evidence I've